Aviation has a history that traces back to the 852AD. Since then, numerous progressive attempts have been made, each making the concept of flying much better, easier and faster. Analysis of the history of the sector reveals five distinct breakthroughs that have been made.
Archaic aviation period
Archaic aviation is defined by the period when the first man who attempted to fly was recorded to have done so using some wings made of wax and feathers. Although the attempt was highly unsuccessful, it did open way for flight-enthusiastic individuals to develop other better-designed mechanisms of flying. Kites were later developed with designs that could carry a single passenger.
Light aviation period
The light aviation period, dating back to 1700’s was characterized by the use of lighter than air aviation balloons. Started by the Montgolfier brothers, the airships could be navigated and carried a maximum of two passengers and some cargo. They, however, had some limited flight distance and time of 25 minutes. The rigidity of the hot air balloons could be varied significantly to create both stiff and rigid flight balloons to suit specific needs and demands. The infamous Hindenburg accident in 1937 led to an end of the light aviation era.
Heavy aviation era
This era was characterized by the use of heavier than air airplanes which relied on powered engines. The first flight took off in 1903 and was pioneered by the Wright brothers. Although the flight took 59 seconds, it was significantly successful owing to the availability of flight control mechanisms. The Wright brothers became the fathers of modern-day flight.
Post-WWII aviation period
The period after the WWII saw significant improvements being made in the area of aviation. Significant changes were made that led to the introduction of standardization of the aviation sector, development of flight regulations as well as the development of safety regulations which have ever since served to bring order in the flight industry.
Modernized aviation period
This era can also be termed as the digitized aviation period during which the aviation sector saw the introduction of new developments in succession in the aviation sector. Some of these improvements include the development of digitized systems of flight such as improved cockpits with LCD-type of instrumentation displays. This era is still experiencing huge modernizations that feature both regulatory as well as instrumentation improvements of airplanes to make aviation safer, faster, and cost-effective for both passengers and flight companies.